Chlorpromazine and reserpine, as a result of their tranquilizing action have a considerable effect on the budget of mental institutions. Repair work, performed by highly paid union labor, decreases considerably. While savings in skilled labor can be demonstrated, this becomes more difficult when clinical improvement, rehabilitation and happiness of human beings is under consideration, the last likewise applying to families and friends. The evaluations tabulated must not, however, be compared with a profit and loss statement. Clinical improvement of any illness is well worth the effort in human and personal investment, and certainly the money involved. It appears that the cost of maintenance of special chlorpromazine-reserpine clinics to prevent once-disturbed patients from relapsing and returning will be low in the long run.