Perhaps the following comparison will help Drs. Ross and Cooper understand better the point that we endeavored to make in our editorial. It has been suggested by others, using hauntingly similar arguments to those posited by Drs. Ross and Cooper, that psychopharmacology and psychotherapy should become separate subspecialties of psychiatry approved by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. We are sure that Drs. Ross and Cooper would agree with us that this is a dangerous idea and that these therapeutic (and somewhat theoretical) realms have been and should remain fundamental to the education and clinical repertoire of every psychiatrist. Similarly, in the mid-19th century, psychiatry and neurology were much more closely aligned (1). We maintain the firm conviction, as delineated in our editorial, that the subsequent separation of neurology and psychiatry into discrete specialties has tenuous conceptual validity and deleterious consequences for the patients served by both fields.