The authors have taken the opportunity to address critiques and misunderstandings of their work. Let me summarize a few of these. On the one hand, transference-focused psychotherapy is used to treat a very broad and heterogeneous set of disorders. On the other hand, however, the patients for whom transference-focused psychotherapy is indicated represent a fairly narrow band within that spectrum: those who are not too isolated, not too much in need of external structuralization, those for whom secondary gain of symptoms is not too pronounced, and those with sufficient motivation and psychological-mindedness. The interpretations, of course, are based on inference and are always held tentatively at first, but they are often delivered with admittedly disproportionate force, in part to counter the patient’s substantial resistance. The therapist hews to a position of technical neutrality, equidistant from id, superego, and external reality, refraining from supportive techniques, but technical neutrality, which presumes an attempted alliance with the healthy part of the patient, is entirely compatible with frequent, extensive, and powerful interventions. Technical neutrality is neither bland nor detached.