0
Get Alert
Please Wait... Processing your request... Please Wait.
You must sign in to sign-up for alerts.

Please confirm that your email address is correct, so you can successfully receive this alert.

REGULAR ARTICLES   |    
Contrasts between patients with affective disorders and patients with schizophrenia on a neuropsychological test battery
Am J Psychiatry 1993;150:1355-1362.
text A A A
PDF of the full text article.
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to ascertain the degree and specificity of cognitive impairments in patients with schizophrenia and patients with affective disorders. METHOD: Cognitive function was assessed with a neuropsychological test battery in consecutively admitted patients with schizophrenia (N = 57), unipolar depression (N = 29), and bipolar disorder (N = 16). RESULTS: The performance of the schizophrenic group was significantly below that of the groups with affective disorders on measures of attention and psychomotor speed, verbal and visual memory, and problem solving and abstraction. IQ was lower in the schizophrenic group and appeared to have deteriorated from a normal premorbid level that was not different from that of the affective disorder groups, as determined by the Wide Range Achievement Test--Revised reading test, a putative measure of premorbid intelligence. When IQ was controlled, differences between the groups in problem solving and visual memory remained. Psychiatric symptoms had a larger impact on test performance in the affective disorder groups than in the schizophrenic group. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that patients with schizophrenia perform systematically worse on cognitive measures than patients with affective disorders, which is consistent with their generally poorer outcome. The results also indicate that schizophrenia and affective disorders are qualitatively distinguishable in neuropsychological terms, given differences in apparent intellectual deterioration, profiles of cognitive impairment, and associations between cognitive performance and psychopathology.

Abstract Teaser
Figures in this Article

Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In to Access Full Content
 
Username
Password
Sign in via Athens (What is this?)
Athens is a service for single sign-on which enables access to all of an institution's subscriptions on- or off-site.
Not a subscriber?

Subscribe Now/Learn More

PsychiatryOnline subscription options offer access to the DSM-5 library, books, journals, CME, and patient resources. This all-in-one virtual library provides psychiatrists and mental health professionals with key resources for diagnosis, treatment, research, and professional development.

Need more help? PsychiatryOnline Customer Service may be reached by emailing PsychiatryOnline@psych.org or by calling 800-368-5777 (in the U.S.) or 703-907-7322 (outside the U.S.).

+

References

+
+

CME Activity

There is currently no quiz available for this resource. Please click here to go to the CME page to find another.
Submit a Comments
Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discertion of APA editorial staff.

* = Required Field
(if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
Example: John Doe



Web of Science® Times Cited: 243

Related Content
Articles
Books
Textbook of Traumatic Brain Injury, 2nd Edition > Chapter 8.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychopharmacology, 4th Edition > Chapter 52.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychopharmacology, 4th Edition > Chapter 52.  >
Dulcan's Textbook of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry > Chapter 24.  >
APA Practice Guidelines > Chapter 0.  >
Topic Collections
Psychiatric News
APA Guidelines