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Relapse and rebound following discontinuation of benzodiazepine treatment of panic attacks: alprazolam versus diazepam
Am J Psychiatry 1989;146:860-865.
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Abstract

The authors assessed the effects of partial tapering followed by abrupt discontinuation of alprazolam, diazepam, and placebo in 40 patients with panic attacks. The anxiety scores and frequency of panic attacks of the three groups did not differ at the end of the initial 2-week taper, but 1 week after abrupt discontinuation of the remaining medication, patients formerly taking alprazolam had greater increases in anxiety but no more panic attacks than did the other patients. Because of low statistical power, differences in benzodiazepine half- lives, absence of multiple ratings, and imbalances between groups in clinical characteristics, these findings must be viewed as preliminary.

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