Editors

Jonathan M. Silver, M.D.

Thomas W. McAllister, M.D.

Stuart C. Yudofsky, M.D.

Contributors

Alan A. Abrams, M.D., J.D.
Professor of Clinical Psychiatry, Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, D.C.

Kenneth Alper, M.D.
Associate Professor of Psychiatry and Neurology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York

Xavier Amador, Ph.D.
Adjunct Professor, Columbia University, Teachers College and Director, LEAP Institute, New York, New York

C. Alan Anderson, M.D.
Staff Neurologist, Denver Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Denver, Colorado; Professor of Neurology, Psychiatry, and Emergency Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado

Karen E. Anderson, M.D.
Director, Huntington's Disease Clinic at the University of Maryland, and Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, Neurology, and Movement Disorders, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland

David B. Arciniegas, M.D.
Director, Neurobehavioral Disorders Program, and Associate Professor of Psychiatry and Neurology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado

Kimberly A. Arlinghaus, M.D.
Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Menninger Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, and Associate Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Baylor College of Medicine; Medical Director, Traumatic Brain Injury Center of Excellence, Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, Houston, Texas

Jeffrey T. Barth, Ph.D.
John Edward Fowler Professor and Director, Brain Injury and Sports Concussion Institute, Neurocognitive Assessment Laboratory, Department of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia

Erin D. Bigler, Ph.D.
Departments of Psychology and the Neuroscience Center, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah; Department of Psychiatry, University of Utah, Salt Lake City; and The Brain Institute of Utah, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah

Donna K. Broshek, Ph.D.
Associate Professor, Attending Neuropsychologist, and Co-Director, Neurocognitive Assessment Laboratory, Department of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences, and Associate Director, Brain Injury and Sports Concussion Institute, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia

Richard P. Brown, M.D.
Associate Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York

Marie M. Cavallo, Ph.D.
Assistant Director, Adult Day Services Department, and Director, TBI Services, AHRC-NYC, New York, New York; President, Brain Injury Association of New York State

Kenneth J. Ciuffreda, O.D., Ph.D.
Distinguished Teaching Professor and Chair, Department of Vision Sciences, State University of New York's State College of Optometry, New York, New York

D. Nathan Cope, M.D.
Chief Medical Officer, Paradigm Health Corporation, Concord, California

Cheryl Corcoran, M.D.
Assistant Professor of Clinical Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York

Maura K. Cosetti, M.D.
Assistant Professor, Department of Otolaryngology, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, New York

Selina Doncevic, R.N., M.S.N.
Neuroscience Clinician, Department of Clinical Initiatives, Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center, Washington, D.C.

Timothy J. Feeney, Ph.D.
Executive Director, School and Community Support, Inc., Latham, New York

Anthony Feinstein, M.D., Ph.D.
Professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Laura A. Flashman, Ph.D.
Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Neuropsychiatry Section, Dartmouth Medical School, Lebanon, New Hampshire, and New Hampshire Hospital, Concord, New Hampshire

Jason Freeman, Ph.D.
Associate Professor and Attending Neuropsychologist, Neurocognitive Assessment Laboratory, Department of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences, and Associate Director, Brain Injury and Sports Concussion Institute, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia

Patricia L. Gerbarg, M.D.
Assistant Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, New York Medical College, Valhalla, New York

Wayne A. Gordon, Ph.D.
Jack Nash Professor of Rehabilitation Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York

David P. Graham, M.D., M.S.
Assistant Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Baylor College of Medicine; Staff Psychiatrist, Mental Health Care Line/Trauma Recovery Program; Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, Houston, Texas

Daniel J. Harvey, Ph.D.
Neuropsychologist, Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio

Andrew Hornstein, M.D.
Assistant Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York; Attending Psychiatrist, Head Injury Services, Helen Hayes Hospital, West Haverstraw, New York

Robin A. Hurley, M.D.
Associate Director for Education, MIRECC, and Associate Chief of Staff for Research and Education, W.G. "Bill" Hefner VAMC, Salisbury, North Carolina; Associate Professor, Departments of Psychiatry and Radiology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina; Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas

Brian Ivins, M.P.S.
Senior Analyst, Department of Research and Epidemiology, Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center, Washington, D.C.

Michael S. Jaffee, M.D.
Past National Director, Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center (DVBIC), Washington, D.C.; DVBIC San Antonio Military Medical Center, San Antonio, Texas

Eric W. Johnson, Psy.D.
Neuropsychology Fellow, UPMC Sports Concussion Program, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Ricardo E. Jorge, M.D.
Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa

Neera Kapoor, O.D., M.S.
Associate Clinical Professor, Department of Clinical Sciences, and Chief, Vision Rehabilitation Services, State University of New York, State College of Optometry, New York, New York

Thomas Kay, Ph.D.
Director of Neuropsychology, Carmel Psychological Associates, Carmel, New York

Jacob Kean, Ph.D.
Visiting Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana

Jan E. Kennedy, Ph.D.
Neuropsychologist and Senior Scientific Director, Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center, Wilford Hall Medical Center, San Antonio, Texas

Richard E. Kennedy, M.D., Ph.D.
Postdoctoral Fellow, Section on Statistical Genetics, Department of Biostatistics, University of Alabama–Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama

Edward Kim, M.D.
Executive Director, Health Economics and Outcomes Research, Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, New Jersey

Jess F. Kraus, M.P.H., Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus, Department of Epidemiology, and Director Emeritus, Injury Prevention Research Center, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California

Anil K. Lalwani, M.D.
Mendik Foundation Professor, Department of Otolaryngology; Professor of Pediatrics; and Professor of Physiology and Neuroscience, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, New York

Felix O. Leal, M.A.
Clinical Psychological Associate, Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center, Wilford Hall Medical Center, San Antonio, Texas

Morris Levin, M.D.
Professor of Neurology and Psychiatry, Department of Neurology, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, New Hampshire

Henry Lew, M.D., Ph.D.
Consultant, Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center (DVBIC); Professor, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, Virginia

Mark R. Lovell, Ph.D.
Director and Professor, UPMC Sports Concussion Program, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Daniel J. Luciano, M.D.
Assistant Professor of Clinical Neurology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York

Michael Makley, M.D.
Assistant Professor, Department of Neurology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, and Medical Director, Brain Injury Unit, Kernan Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland

Dolores Malaspina, M.D.
Anita Steckler and Joseph Steckler Professor of Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York

Robert S. Marin, M.D.
Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Jeffrey E. Max, M.B.B.Ch.
Professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego; Director, Neuropsychiatric Research, Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego, California

Michael F. Martelli, Ph.D.
Director, Rehabilitation Neuropsychology, Tree of Life, Services, Inc.; Adjunct Visiting Associate Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia

Thomas W. McAllister, M.D.
Millennium Professor of Psychiatry and Neurology, and Vice Chairman for Neuroscience Research, Department of Psychiatry, Section of Neuropsychiatry, Dartmouth Medical School, Lebanon, New Hampshire

Scott McCullagh, M.D.
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Kimberly S. Meyer, M.S.N., C.N.R.N.
Neuroscience Clinician, Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center, Department of Clinical Initiatives, Washington, D.C.

Norman S. Miller, M.D., J.D.
Clinical Professor, Department of Medicine, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan; Courtesy Professor, Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida

Ted Miller, Ph.D.
Senior Research Scientist and Program Director, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland

Siddhartha Nadkarni, M.D.
Assistant Professor of Neurology and Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York

Keith Nicholson, Ph.D.
Psychologist, Comprehensive Pain Program, The Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Jean A. Langlois Orman, Sc.D., M.P.H.
Scientific Program Manager, Department of Veterans Affairs, Washington, D.C.

Alison M. O'Shanick, M.S., C.C.C.-S.L.P.
Director of Rehabilitation Services, Center for Neurorehabilitation Services, Richmond, Virginia

Gregory J. O'Shanick, M.D.
President and Medical Director, Center for Neurorehabilitation Services, Richmond, Virginia

Nicholas J. Pastorek, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Baylor College of Medicine; Staff Neuropsychologist, Rehabilitation Care Line/PNS Polytrauma Team, Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, Houston, Texas

Mary Perrin, Dr.P.H.
Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York

George P. Prigatano, Ph.D.
Newsome Chair of Clinical Neuropsychology, Division of Neurology, Barrow Neurological Institute, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona

Vani Rao, M.D.
Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, and Medical Director, Brain Injury Clinic, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland

William E. Reynolds, D.D.S., M.P.H.
Public Service Professor, School of Social Welfare, and Clinical Associate Professor, School of Public Health, State University at Albany, Albany, New York

Robert G. Robinson, M.D.
Professor and Head, Department of Psychiatry, Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa

Donald C. Rojas, Ph.D.
Director, MEG Laboratory, and Associate Professor of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado

Jonathan M. Silver, M.D.
Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York

Colin Smith, M.D.
Senior Lecturer in Pathology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom

Robert I. Simon, M.D.
Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, Director, Program in Psychiatry and Law, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, D.C.

Katherine H. Taber, Ph.D.
Assistant Director for Education, VISN 6 MIRECC, and Research Health Scientist, W.G. "Bill" Hefner VAMC, Salisbury, North Carolina; Research Professor, Division of Biological Sciences, Virginia College of Osteopathic Medicine, Blacksburg, Virginia; Adjunct Professor, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas

Tina Trudel, Ph.D.
Senior Scientist and Research Coordinator, Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center, Lakeview Virginia Neurocare, Inc., Charlottesville, Virginia

Paula T. Trzepacz, M.D.
Senior Medical Fellow, Neurosciences Research, Eli Lilly and Company, and Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana

Sandeep Vaishnavi, M.D., Ph.D.
Medical Director, North Carolina Neuropsychiatry Attention and Memory Center, Raleigh, North Carolina

Susan L. Vaughn, M.Ed.
Director of Public Policy, National Association of State Head Injury Administrators, and Consultant, Jefferson City, Missouri

Thomas N. Ward, M.D.
Professor of Neurology, Department of Neurology, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, New Hampshire

Tonia Werner, M.D.
Assistant Professor and Chief, Division of Forensic Psychiatry, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida

Patricia A. Wilkosz, M.D., Ph.D.
Postdoctoral Research Scholar, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Adam Wolkin, M.D.
Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York

Mark Ylvisaker, Ph.D. (deceased)
College of Saint Rose, Albany, New York

Stuart C. Yudofsky, M.D.
D.C. and Irene Ellwood Professor and Chairman, Menninger Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Baylor College of Medicine; Chief, Psychiatry Service, The Methodist Hospital, Houston, Texas

Eduard Zaloshnja, Ph.D.
Research Scientist, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland

Nathan D. Zasler, M.D.
CEO and Medical Director, Concussion Care Centre of Virginia, Ltd.; CEO and Medical Director, Tree of Life Services, Inc.; Adjunct Professor, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia; Adjunct Associate Professor, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia; Adjunct Clinical Professor, Graduate School of Psychology, Touro College, New York, New York

Jennifer A. Znotens, M.A., C.C.C.-S.L.P.
Administrator and Clinical Coordinator, Center for Neurorehabilitation Services, Richmond, Virginia

Disclosure of Interests

The following contributors to this book have indicated a financial interest in or other affiliation with a commercial supporter, a manufacturer of a commercial product, a provider of a commercial service, a nongovernmental organization, and/or a government agency, as listed below:

Kenneth Alper, M.D.—Faculty speaking engagement: Sanofi-Aventis advisory board meeting.

D. Nathan Cope, M.D.—Equity interest: Paradigm Management Services, LLC.

Laura A. Flashman, Ph.D.—Research support: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), Philips Healthcare, Simbex LLC, U.S. Department of Defense (DoD).

Edward Kim, M.D.—Equity interest: Employee and shareholder, Bristol-Myers Squibb.

Morris Levin, M.D.—Speakers' fees: Lecturing on headache and pain topics. Research support: Allergan, GlaxoSmithKline, Merck, Ortho-McNeil, Pfizer.

Daniel J. Luciano, M.D.—Speakers' bureau: UCB Pharma.

Michael Makley, M.D.—Research support: National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Mental Health, Pfizer.

Thomas W. McAllister, M.D.—Research support: CDC, DoD, NICHD, NINDS, Philips Healthcare, Simbex LLC.

Vani Rao, M.D.—Research support: Forest, Pfizer.

Robert I. Simon, M.D.—Consultation: One-time consultation with attorneys representing Novartis.

Thomas N. Ward, M.D.—Speakers' fees: For lecturing on headache and pain topics. Consulting: Merck, NuPathe, Winston Laboratories. Research support: Allergan, Merck, NMT Medical, UCB Pharma, Valeant Pharmaceuticals.

The following contributors to this book indicated that they have no competing interests or affiliations to declare:

Alan A. Abrams, M.D., J.D.
Xavier Amador, Ph.D.
C. Alan Anderson, M.D.
Karen E. Anderson, M.D.
David B. Arciniegas, M.D.
Kimberly A. Arlinghaus, M.D.
Jeffrey T. Barth, Ph.D.
Erin D. Bigler, Ph.D.
Donna K. Brosnek, Ph.D.
Richard P. Brown, M.D.
Marie M. Cavallo, Ph.D.
Kenneth J. Ciuffreda, O.D., Ph.D.
Cheryl Corcoran, M.D.
Maura K. Cosetti, M.D.
Selina Doncevic, R.N., M.S.N.
Timothy J. Feeney, Ph.D.
Anthony Feinstein, M.D., Ph.D.
Jason R. Freeman, Ph.D.
Patricia L. Gerbarg, M.D.
Wayne A. Gordon, Ph.D.
David P. Graham, M.D., M.S.
Daniel J. Harvey, Ph.D.
Andrew Hornstein, M.D.
Brian Ivins, M.P.S.
Michael S. Jaffee, M.D.
Ricardo E. Jorge, M.D.
Neera Kapoor, O.D., M.S.
Thomas Kay, Ph.D.
Jacob Kean, Ph.D.
Jan E. Kennedy, Ph.D.
Richard E. Kennedy, M.D., Ph.D.
Jess F. Kraus, M.P.H., Ph.D.
Anil K. Lalwani, M.D.
Felix O. Leal, M.A.
Henry Lew, M.D., Ph.D.
Dolores Malaspina, M.D.
Robert S. Marin, M.D.
Michael F. Martelli, Ph.D.
Scott McCullagh, M.D.
Kimberly S. Meyer, M.S.N., C.N.R.N.
Ted Miller, Ph.D.
Siddhartha Nadkarni, M.D.
Jean A. Langlois Orman, Sc.D., M.P.H.
Alison M. O'Shanick, M.S., C.C.C.-S.L.P.
Gregory J. O'Shanick, M.D.
Nicholas J. Pastorek, Ph.D.
Mary Perrin, Dr.P.H.
George P. Prigatano, Ph.D.
William E. Reynolds, D.D.S., M.P.H.
Robert G. Robinson, M.D.
Donald C. Rojas, Ph.D.
Jonathan M. Silver, M.D.
Katherine H. Taber, Ph.D.
Tina Trudel, Ph.D.
Sandeep Vaishnavi, M.D., Ph.D.
Susan L. Vaughn, M.Ed.
Tonia Werner, M.D.
Patricia A. Wilkosz, M.D., Ph.D.
Adam Wolkin, M.D.
Stuart C. Yudofsky, M.D.
Eduard Zaloshnja, Ph.D.
Nathan D. Zasler, M.D.
Jennifer A. Znotens, M.A., C.C.C.-S.L.P.