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Chapter 6. Autistic Disorders

Bryna Siegel, Ph.D.; Michelle Ficcaglia, Ph.D.; Catherine Hayer, M.S.; Peter E. Tanguay, M.D.
DOI: 10.1176/appi.books.9781585622986.251678

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Excerpt

In the past 5 years, a notable shift in the understanding of autism treatment has resulted from publication of the National Research Council's (2001) book Educating Children With Autism, which formulated treatment guidelines based on a meta-analysis of existing empirical treatment outcome studies in children up to age 8 years. The National Research Council report emphasized several treatment quality parameters and can be seen as serving to dispel the notion that one treatment is best for all. Instead, treatments that are more individualized (in ways we will discuss) provide a "best practice" standard. In this chapter we focus on the National Research Council findings and on specific comprehensive intervention models designed in a manner consistent with these best practices; we also summarize the state of the psychopharmacological art in treating autism.

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Table Reference Number
Table 6–1. Mapping of diagnostic criteria for autism onto the autistic learning disabilities (ALD) model
Table Reference Number
Table 6–2. Impact of autistic learning disabilities on development
Table Reference Number
Table 6–3. Mapping of comprehensive treatment models onto the autistic learning disabilities (ALD) model 

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