Vision Problems: Introduction | Prevalence of Vision Problems in TBI | Pathophysiology | Vision Care Professionals | Ocular Anatomy and the Visual Pathways | Standard Protocol for the Vision Examination | Functional Vision Anomalies After TBI | Conclusion | Key Clinical Points | Recommended Readings | References
Vision is one of the primary sensory modalities involved
in tasks such as stance, gait, reading, and other basic activities
of daily living. Furthermore, adequate vision is a requisite for
evaluation and treatment performed during most types of rehabilitation,
such as optometric, ophthalmological, neuropsychological, physical,
vestibular, occupational, and speech and language therapies. Nonetheless,
the diagnosis and management of functional vision deficits have
been frequently overlooked in textbooks and teaching curricula used
by many rehabilitation professionals (Wainapel 1995).
The recent increasing interest in functional vision and its integrative
effect on rehabilitation in patients with traumatic brain injury
(TBI) (Ciuffreda et al. 2007; Kapoor and Ciuffreda 2002; Suter 2004, 2007; Tinette et al. 1995; Wainapel 1995) serve as the impetus
for this chapter.