Chapter 6. Theory of Cognitive Therapy

David A. Clark, Ph.D.; Michael Hollifield, M.D.; Robert Leahy, Ph.D.; Judith S. Beck, Ph.D.
DOI: 10.1176/appi.books.9781585623648.368526



Since its earliest days, cognitive therapy has been defined in terms of its theory of or perspective on psychopathology (A. T. Beck 1967). What makes a therapist's approach cognitive (or cognitive-behavioral) is not reliance on a defined set of intervention strategies but rather the theory of psychopathology and human change that guides the therapeutic enterprise. In this chapter, we provide an introductory overview of the tenets of cognitive theory for a variety of common psychiatric disorders. Our objective is to give readers a basic foundation in cognitive theory that will enable a better understanding of cognitive therapy.

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Figure 6–1. The cognitive theory of psychopathology.
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Table 6–1. Basic assumptions of the cognitive theory of psychopathology
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Table 6–2. Taxonomy for cognitive concepts
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Table 6–3. Common cognitive errors found in psychopathological states
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Table 6–4. Personality disorders (Axis II)


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