Sleep Disorders: Introduction | Sleep Requirements | Epidemiology | Classification of Sleep Disorders | Evaluation | Dyssomnias | Parasomnias | Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder | Sleep Problems in Children With Psychiatric Disorders | Summary Points | References
Child and adolescent mental health clinicians
serve on the front line of recognizing sleep disorders in children
and adolescents since so many children we assess have sleep complaints.
These sleep problems may represent either 1) primary sleep disorders,
such as obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), restless legs syndrome (RLS),
or narcolepsy; or 2) insomnia comorbid with psychiatric conditions,
such as depression or anxiety. Mental health professionals must
keep sleep disorders in mind when assessing children with neurocognitive,
emotional, behavioral, and motivational problems, because chronic
sleep disruption can cause these difficulties.