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Chapter 22. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Judith A. Cohen, M.D.; Anthony P. Mannarino, Ph.D.
DOI: 10.1176/appi.books.9781585623921.460462

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Excerpt

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was first introduced into the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) in 1980, making it one of the more recently accepted psychiatric disorders. PTSD is one of the few DSM diagnoses to have a recognizable etiologic agent, in that it must develop in direct response to a severe (sudden, terrifying, or shocking) life event (American Psychiatric Association 2000). Since the introduction of PTSD into DSM-III (American Psychiatric Association 1980), the disorder has been documented in children exposed to traumas such as domestic violence, natural disasters, medical trauma, war, terrorism, and community violence. Much has been learned about the developmental manifestations of PTSD and how challenging it is to evaluate this disorder in children. Progress has been made in identifying effective treatments for this disorder, but much remains unknown.

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Table Reference Number
TABLE 22–1. DSM-IV-TR Cluster B, C, and D PTSD symptoms in children and adolescents

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A variety of risk factors have been identified in the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after a disaster. Which of the following is one of those risk factors?
2.
In childhood samples, the psychiatric disorders most often comorbid with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are
3.
The most evidence for treatment of childhood posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) exists for which of the following treatments?
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