Verbal aggression by parents is underestimated as a source of psychiatric symptoms, according to findings by Teicher et al. (p. 993). Among 554 young adults, parental verbal abuse during childhood was related to current anxiety, depression, anger/hostility, mental dissociation, and seizure-like events, such as brief hallucinations. Extraordinarily large effects were seen in subjects who had been verbally abused and had also witnessed domestic violence. The criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder currently include childhood physical maltreatment, sexual abuse, and witnessing of domestic violence but not verbal abuse. This large study indicates that parental verbal abuse during childhood is an equally potent risk factor.