A short list of the dimensions of religion or spirituality include the following: religious belief (e.g., belief versus nonbelief), religious affiliation, religious participation (e.g., attendance at religious services or financial support of a faith community or larger effort), nonorganizational religiosity (e.g., engaging in private prayer or meditation), subjective religiosity (e.g., importance of religion), and spiritual well-being (e.g., feeling connected to a higher being or finding inner spiritual strength). Numerous scales have been developed, both brief and extensive. These scales have been used to determine the religious or spiritual “pulse” of the nation as well as to explore the relationship between religion or spirituality and health. For example, the Gallup Poll found in 2010 that 54% of those surveyed felt religion to be “very important” when respondents were asked about the importance of religion in their lives (10). That very question turned out to be a significant predictor of protection against recurrence of depression in the present study. Despite the complexity of religion and spirituality, relatively simple questions may exhibit strong power for predicting health outcome, just as simple questions about subjective physical well-being are strong predictors of health outcomes (11). With both, however, some mystery remains as to what we actually are measuring.