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Letter to the Editor   |    
Does E-Therapy for Problem Drinking Reach Hidden Populations?
MARLOES G. POSTEL, M.A.; COR A.J. de JONG, M.D., Ph.D.; HEIN A. de HAAN, M.D.
Am J Psychiatry 2005;162:2393-2393. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.162.12.2393

To the Editor: Currently, nearly one in every 13 adults abuses alcohol or is alcohol dependent. In addition, several million adults also engage in risky drinking behavior that could lead to alcohol-related problems. However, only a small proportion of the people with alcohol problems ever seek and engage in treatment (1). A national survey in the United States (2) found that only 16% of those with alcohol use disorder had received treatment in 2001. In the Netherlands (3), only 10% of the problem drinkers ever got professional help. Women, higher-educated people, employees, and elderly people are harder to reach for face-to-face care. Several things have improved the accessibility of alcohol interventions (4, 5).

To fill the gap in accessibility, an e-therapy program was developed in the Netherlands. The content and elements of the e-therapy program are comparable to the ones of face-to-face treatment as usual. This e-therapy program distinguishes from other Internet interventions by forming an ongoing personal relationship between the therapist and client that takes place solely via Internet communications. It involves more than self-help or answering a question online. It is a structured and complete treatment program in which clients remain anonymous. The aim of this study was to determine if e-therapy indeed reaches another population with alcohol problems.

We compared the baseline characteristics of 172 e-therapy clients with a consecutive series of 172 face-to-face clients admitted for treatment as usual. All e-therapy clients gave their informed consent to participate in the research project. For the face-to-face clients, we used anonymous data files. The results showed that the baseline characteristics of the two groups differed by gender, age, education, and work situation. Chi-square tests were used to compare proportions and t tests to compare means. The e-therapy group involved significantly more women than the face-to-face group (χ2=9.25, df=1, p=0.002). People in the e-therapy group more highly educated (χ2=46.56, df=2, p<0.001) and more often employed (χ2=69.13, df=1, p<0.001) than the people in the face-to-face group. E-therapy clients were also significantly older than face-to-face clients (t=3.24, df=342, p=0.001).

Our conclusion is that e-therapy serves a new group of people with alcohol problems. We reach more women, higher-educated people, employed people, and elderly people—the groups that are difficult to reach in regular face-to-face therapy. The Internet offers an opportunity for improving access to therapy for problem drinkers. Our next step is to compare the efficacy and effectiveness of e-therapy and face-to-face therapy.

Kohn R, Saxena S, Levav I, Saraceno B: The treatment gap in mental health care. Bull World Health Organ  2004; 82:858–866
[PubMed]
 
Harris KM, McKellar JD: Demand for Alcohol Treatment. Bethesda, Md, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 2003, pp 1–2
 
Van Laar MW, Cruts AAN, Verdurmen JEE, Van Ooyen MMJ (eds): Annual Report NDM 2004. Utrecht, Netherlands National Drug Monitor, Trimbos Institute, 2004
 
Copeland J, Martin G: Web-based interventions for substance use disorders: a qualitative review. J Subst Abuse Treat  2004; 26:109–116
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Humphreys K, Tucker JA: Toward more responsive and effective intervention systems for alcohol-related problems. Addiction  2002; 97:126–132
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
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References

Kohn R, Saxena S, Levav I, Saraceno B: The treatment gap in mental health care. Bull World Health Organ  2004; 82:858–866
[PubMed]
 
Harris KM, McKellar JD: Demand for Alcohol Treatment. Bethesda, Md, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 2003, pp 1–2
 
Van Laar MW, Cruts AAN, Verdurmen JEE, Van Ooyen MMJ (eds): Annual Report NDM 2004. Utrecht, Netherlands National Drug Monitor, Trimbos Institute, 2004
 
Copeland J, Martin G: Web-based interventions for substance use disorders: a qualitative review. J Subst Abuse Treat  2004; 26:109–116
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
Humphreys K, Tucker JA: Toward more responsive and effective intervention systems for alcohol-related problems. Addiction  2002; 97:126–132
[PubMed]
[CrossRef]
 
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