Their analyses, however, are subject to several limitations that possess implications for future cross-sectional research. First, rather than the six-item measure employed in the present study that collected simple frequency data on only a few types of violent behaviors, instruments deployed in future studies should gather information on the unfolding nature, variety, temporal ordering, and precipitating events that surround violent encounters. Second, because of ample heterogeneity among adolescents who report violent behavior, examining similarities and differences in frequency data across the range of risk factors on typologies of violence and on categories of youth who report no, low, and high rates of violent behavior would be illuminating. Taken together, these suggestions would supply practically useful information as well as generate a rich set of testable hypotheses that can be linked to an array of theoretically meaningful propositions. Finally, given that data collected in this study were based solely on adolescent self-reporting, assessment items regarding deviant responding and/or social desirability might have facilitated a useful check on respondent validity.