In terms of the methodological concerns expressed, her comments reflected general issues that researchers in this field have grappled with for some time. Ms. Mathy suggests that our research "ignores" the relationships between duration, intensity, and frequency of abuse. As noted in the article, data were derived from a comprehensive mental health survey. Although it would have been interesting to include more parameters of maltreatment, practical issues of response burden prevented us from doing so. Ms. Mathy also identifies recall bias and aspects of the timing of maltreatment (e.g., the developmental stage) as limitations of the retrospective research design. We acknowledged potential limitations, such as recall bias, in our Discussion section. Alternative methods that would address such limitations are not easily applied to community samples. Ms. Mathy suggests the use of child protection cases of maltreatment and matched comparison subjects as a preferred research design. In fact, Widom (1) has published widely since 1989 on the results of such a cohort study. However, this case-finding approach precludes the opportunity to study a community sample, as was our focus.