With a medical landscape full of pronouncements as to the final stages and coming end of traditional medicine and its transformation to a corporate model that is "modern," "scientific," and chic, Laurence Foss calls for our evolution to a "postmodern" medicine, a vast embracing entity comprising various elements of philosophy, physics, microbiology, and ecology, among others. Medicine is called to mount the ramparts in the search for a "medical ontology" that might save the world before it is too late. This call to transformation begs the question of whether thoughts and emotions are molecules, although "thoughts and emotions, beliefs and expectations, intentions and meaning are accompanied by molecules." Foss points to the fact that "while industrialization may be socially adaptive, to the degree that it imposes pressures qualitatively different from those characteristic of hunting-gathering, it may be biologically maladaptive." Solutions are sought for "today’s psychoneurophilosophical burden."