This part of the book sets the stage for the remaining 10 chapters, which are focused on treatment issues such as treatment planning and case management, outpatient treatment, inpatient programs, use of medications with substance abusing adolescents, 12-step programs, spirituality and its role in substance abuse treatment, family treatment, relapse, the impact of substance abuse on adolescent development, and, last but not least, untreatable substance-abusing adolescents. Most of these chapters are very practical and comprehensive. For instance, the chapter on outpatient treatment briefly discusses the latest fad—the boot camps. The authors do not think much about the role of boot camps in the treatment of adolescent substance abuse, because the boot camps are more punitive than therapeutic. The inpatient treatment chapter presents an idealized description of a very time-demanding program designed to provide optimal care. It provides tips on what to do in difficult situations, e.g., "unit freeze" when patients band together against treatment. It also emphasizes the critical role of the 12-step program for recovery. The inpatient program described here probably could be only dreamed about in most places; nevertheless, it is a very useful and practical model. One of the treatment chapters also points out the importance of the spiritual component of the recovery, which is frequently overlooked (spirituality is not religion in this context). The chapters on relapse and on untreatable substance-abusing adolescents are also very useful. Some chapters contain very good discussions of several case examples.