This book comprises 15 chapters on different aspects of the neuropathology of schizophrenia. After a review of the macroscopic findings in chapter 1, some specific aspects are reviewed in chapters 2 to 6, including hippocampal, cortical, and synaptic pathology as well as the question of gliosis and cerebral asymmetry. At the end of each chapter the published data are critically summarized and a future perspective is outlined. In chapters 7 to 12, additional aspects from imaging and other, related diseases are presented. Additionally, the knowledge on cortical development and the organization of cortical circuitry is summarized. The concluding chapters deal with methodological issues, the consequence of neuropathological findings for the treatment of schizophrenia, and a skeptical view of the neuropathology of schizophrenia in general.