Part 2, Ethical and Legal Dimensions, is composed of chapters 3 and 4. Chapter 3 explores the tenets of ethical principles such as autonomy, justice, nonmaleficence, and fidelity. Examples of modern ethical theorists are provided, and Kohlberg and Gilligan are cited to convey a framework for client-therapist relationships. To punctuate the complexity of these issues, a brief discussion of ethical virtues, a controversial element of counseling that focuses on the actor not the act, is broached. Chapter 4 provides the mental health professional with an overview of the legal domains of constitutional, statutory, and case law. The authors provide a glimpse into the intricacies of civil, criminal, and mental health law and review the procedural steps in the evolution of a lawsuit. The authors also provide insight into practical issues in counseling relationships, such as malpractice, professional policy (advertising, client records, dual relationships, liability insurance), special relationship issues (informed consent, release of information, confidentiality, privileged communication), and issues related to deposition and courtroom witnessing.