Finally, "Do Martians See Red?" argues, in harmony with Ramachandran’s own Hindu rearing, that the idea of a self inhabiting the brain and loftily inspecting the world is an illusion. We create our own reality from fragments; we see a reliable but inaccurate representation of the world; and we are unaware of most of our actions carried out by a host of unconscious zombies in harmony with the self, which, far from the insurmountable metaphysical riddle of philosophers, is now "ripe for scientific inquiry" (p. 228). For example, the irrevocability of qualia, or subjective sensations, present in the what but not in the how system, lends stability to our input system, even in our blind spots, whereas we have flexibility in our output of choices and in our time-delayed memory system, which is involved at an intermediate level in making choices. The temporal lobes play a central role in consciousness and awareness. In conclusion, Ramachandran and William Hirstein compile and elaborate a list of characteristics of the self: embodied, passionate, executive, mnemonic, unified, vigilant, conceptual, and social. Clearly, the self is also now neuropsychiatrically self-studying.