The book ends with hopeful chapters on prevention and intervention, which should be of interest to the commentators and pundits who came out of the woodwork in the wake of the Littleton, Colo., tragedy, serving up their own answers to the problem of teen violence. The authors categorize preventive strategies into those occurring in the "predelinquency" phase and those considered "postdelinquency." As expected, the most worthwhile preventive methods tend to focus on children at high risk for delinquent behavior, a fact many policy makers seem unaware of. Some of the more promising methods include preschool education, parental training, early intervention in disruptive behavior, and multimodal interventions such as the Seattle Social Development Project (involving work with children and parents as well as improved classroom management by teachers). Although preliminary results are encouraging, the long-term impact of these programs is unclear. Once young offenders have transgressed, several alternatives are available, including punishment, diversionary programs, restorative justice, boot camps, and incarceration. Not discussed is another generally ignored finding by Jenkins and his colleagues: the role of early adjudication, which they found to have a positive effect on reducing the chance of reoffending (3).