The prison population has increased 400% in the last 20 years. Overcrowding is a terrific problem, and few are aware of the staggering costs of the prison system. California now spends more on corrections than on higher education, and in the same recent period that the state built 21 new prisons, it opened one new state college. Although 95% of the prisoners are eventually released, psychiatric treatment, rehabilitation, education, quality visitation, discharge planning, and other socializing interventions are underfunded or undeveloped. These programs are mostly regarded as "coddling" by prison staff, despite good evidence that they facilitate successful postrelease adjustment and reduce recidivism. Because of this cruel paradox, the focus shifts at the end of this book from madness in prisons to the madness of prisons.