The introduction to this book, titled "Aging America—The New Longevity," discusses the increasing life expectancy, the possible limit of the human life span, and the fact that seniors are different today from the seniors of earlier times. Chapter 1, "Breaking Down the Myths of Aging," dispels such myths as, "To be old is to be sick" and "You can’t teach an old dog new tricks." The authors emphasize that there is increasing evidence that the rate of physical aging is not determined by genes alone and that lifestyle factors have a powerful influence. Chapter 2, "The Structure of Successful Aging," defines successful aging as the ability to maintain three key characteristics: low risk of disease and disease-related disability, high mental and physical function, and active engagement with life. Chapter 3, "Usual Aging," discusses the risks of and reversal of usual aging. Chapter 4, "Nature Versus Nurture in Aging," outlines the influence of genes and environment in the various diseases of old age. Chapter 5, "Avoiding Disease and Disability in Late Life," focuses on the prevention and detection of cancer, heart disease, and other problems of old age. It emphasizes the role of exercise in almost all prevention strategies. Chapter 6, "The Role of Exercise and Nutrition in Maintaining Health," expands on the role of physical activity in maintaining good health and adds a discussion of nutrition, especially vitamins. Chapter 7, "Beyond Exercise: Strategies to Maintain and Enhance Performance in Old Age," stresses that those who have higher mental function are also more likely to maintain physical function. Chapter 8, "Maintaining and Enhancing Mental Function in Old Age," emphasizes that decreases in mental function can be prevented and that older people can increase their mental abilities. Chapter 9, "Marketing Youth: The Pills, Potions, and Lotions of Anti-Aging," demonstrates that most of the anti-aging agents, such as dehydroepiandrosterone and melatonin, cannot be endorsed as fountains of youth. Chapter 10, "Relating to Others," stresses the impact and importance of social connectedness for health and states that giving support is more important than receiving it. Chapter 11, "Productivity in Old Age," dispels the myth that old people are not productive. Finally, chapter 12, "Prescribing for an Aging Society," discusses strategies for our society to make full use of the abilities of older people and suggests what the government can do.