Quickly, claims of the pan-potency of lithium mushroomed. In 1871, William A. Hammond, M.D., former U.S. Surgeon General, described the use of lithium bromide as a treatment for mania. Shortly thereafter (in 1876), Garrod expressed his belief that mood disorders were caused by "gout retroceding to the head" R15601CHDBJBAE. In a 1910 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, an advertisement by a pharmaceutical manufacturer, Charles L. Mitchell, M.D., claimed that his "laxative alkaline salt of lithia" was indicated for "gout, rheumatism, uric acid diathesis, constipation acute and chronic, hepatic torpor, obesity, Bright’s disease, albuminuria of pregnancy, asthma, incontinence of urine, gravel, cystitis, urinogenital disorders, headache, neuralgia and lumbago.... It is also an excellent antimalarial, relieving hepatic torpor and congestion, and increasing twofold the action of quinine" R15601CHDCDGHJ. These claims fueled the market for lithiated products—usually waters containing lithium, but also a beer, Lithia Beer, brewed for years at West Bend, Wis., with water from a lithia spring. Buffalo Lithia Springs Water, a widely consumed product at the turn of the century, was advertised as "a valuable adjunct to the physician in the treatment of fevers, malaria, typho-malaria, and atypical typhoid" R15601CHDCDGHJ. Manadnock Lithia Spring Water was recommended for "gout, dyspepsia, rheumatism, eczema, sugar diabetes, Bright’s disease, gall stones; also reduces temperature in all fevers; and all diseases of the kidneys, asthma, etc." R15601CHDDHJJH. The lithia water bubble burst eventually, in part because the lithium content of these waters was negligible. For example, it was estimated that at least 150,000 gallons per day of Buffalo Lithia Water would have to be consumed to obtain a therapeutic dose of lithium R15601CHDDHJJH.