This provides the pretext for Singh to trace all the roots of Wiles’s solution through much of the history of mathematics, a human enterprise marked by black-and-white judgment, fierce competition, and no small amount of bloodshed. A member of the Pythagorean Brotherhood was drowned for breaking his secrecy oath by publishing his discovery of the dodecahedron. The severity afflicted even the occasional female geniuses who stumbled into mathematics, such as Hypatia, whose flesh was scraped from her bones with oyster shells. And then there was Galois, distracted from the promise of his genius by his tragic allegiances to the nineteenth-century French Republican cause. After his father was shamed into suicide, Galois found himself facing an unwinnable duel over a mysterious woman with a superior duelist who may have been a government agent. The night before the duel in which he died, Galois scribbled out solutions to the problems of quintic equations, a precursor in group theory to the solution of Fermat’s enigma. More recently, the suicide in 1958 of Taniyama of the Taniyama-Shimura conjecture, unexplained, incomprehensible to Taniyama himself in his suicide note, and surely psychopathological, deprived the world of a Japanese genius. Taniyama linked elliptical equations and modular forms, directly presaging Wiles’s solution and making progress toward the grand unification of all fields of mathematics envisioned in 1960 by another Princeton mathematician, Robert Langlands.