Many children survived through being hidden; numerous components of their identities became fragmented and then reformed with greater or lesser degrees of success. The best-known example of this (not included in the present study) remains the Archbishop of Paris, a Jewish boy given over to the Catholic Church for safekeeping, who experienced a profound conversion at the age of 14 and would not return to his religion of origin afterward. The stories recounted here are more prosaic but have a more believable quality. Children of latency age found comfort in the Polish Catholic culture and religion, even as they were aware that they were the hated Jewish Christ-killers. Adolescents remained in Poland and married into abusive relationships they later left. One striking story was that of a woman born in 1928 who was able to give an interview only after psychotherapy. She had been able to ingratiate herself with numerous Polish, German, and Russian people to whom she was exposed and who were generally playing oppressive roles during these times. Doing this, she helped several members of her family to survive. Yet when her mother and sister went to the United States in 1946, she would not join them. She returned to Poland and married into an abusive relationship. When she eventually left with her children and reunited with her mother and family, she was rejected for having left her faith. Her children felt they belonged to none of the cultures from which they came. The authors describe the phenomenon of survivors who grew up feeling they could find a haven only among Gentiles as a widespread one, and it is understandable.