0
Get Alert
Please Wait... Processing your request... Please Wait.
You must sign in to sign-up for alerts.

Please confirm that your email address is correct, so you can successfully receive this alert.

REGULAR ARTICLES   |    
Stress-associated reductions of cytotoxic T lymphocytes and natural killer cells in asymptomatic HIV infection
Am J Psychiatry 1995;152:543-550.
text A A A
PDF of the full text article.
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Previous research has documented a possible relation of stress and depression to cell-mediated immunity. The authors examined how stressful events and depression may affect key parameters of cellular immunity in subjects with and without HIV infection. METHOD: Data were collected on 99 asymptomatic HIV-positive and 65 HIV-negative homosexual men as part of an ongoing, longitudinal study. Criticisms of previous studies of psychoimmunity were addressed by 1) using a comprehensive, semistructured interview to measure the objective context of stressful events, 2) double labeling of lymphocytes with monoclonal antibodies to measure subsets of cytotoxic/suppressor T lymphocytes and natural killer (NK) cells, and 3) controlling for circadian effects and methodological factors. RESULTS: In the HIV- positive men, severe stress was significantly associated with reductions in NK cell populations and a subset of T cells thought to represent cytotoxic T effector cells, particularly the CD8+ T cells expressing the CD57 antigen. In the HIV-negative men, no clear and consistent relation between stress and immune system measures was found. Depression was not correlated with any variables in either of the groups, perhaps due to the low levels of depressive symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that stress is associated with reductions in killer lymphocytes (decreased NK cell and cytotoxic T lymphocyte phenotypes). The data provide evidence that stress may alter cell populations that provide cytotoxic defense against infection in HIV-positive men and indicate that the clinical significance of stress- related changes in cytotoxic T lymphocytes and NK cells in HIV infection warrants further study.

Abstract Teaser
Figures in this Article

Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In to Access Full Content
 
Username
Password
Sign in via Athens (What is this?)
Athens is a service for single sign-on which enables access to all of an institution's subscriptions on- or off-site.
Not a subscriber?

Subscribe Now/Learn More

PsychiatryOnline subscription options offer access to the DSM-5 library, books, journals, CME, and patient resources. This all-in-one virtual library provides psychiatrists and mental health professionals with key resources for diagnosis, treatment, research, and professional development.

Need more help? PsychiatryOnline Customer Service may be reached by emailing PsychiatryOnline@psych.org or by calling 800-368-5777 (in the U.S.) or 703-907-7322 (outside the U.S.).

+

References

+
+

CME Activity

There is currently no quiz available for this resource. Please click here to go to the CME page to find another.
Submit a Comments
Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discertion of APA editorial staff.

* = Required Field
(if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
Example: John Doe



Web of Science® Times Cited: 68

Related Content
Articles
Books
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychopharmacology, 4th Edition > Chapter 9.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychopharmacology, 4th Edition > Chapter 9.  >
Textbook of Traumatic Brain Injury, 2nd Edition > Chapter 35.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychopharmacology, 4th Edition > Chapter 48.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychopharmacology, 4th Edition > Chapter 48.  >
Topic Collections
Psychiatric News
PubMed Articles
[Deep lung--cellular reaction to HIV]. Rev Port Pneumol 2007 Mar-Apr;13(2):175-212.