0
Get Alert
Please Wait... Processing your request... Please Wait.
You must sign in to sign-up for alerts.

Please confirm that your email address is correct, so you can successfully receive this alert.

REGULAR ARTICLES   |    
Risk factors for suicidal behavior in borderline personality disorder
Am J Psychiatry 1994;151:1316-1323.
text A A A
PDF of the full text article.
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study identified potential risk factors for suicidal behavior in patients with borderline personality disorder defined by the Diagnostic Interview for Borderline Patients and by DSM-III-R criteria for patients who did and did not attempt suicide. METHOD: Histories of suicide attempts and attempt characteristics were obtained by Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia interviews from 84 patients with borderline personality disorder and were related to severity of borderline pathology, diagnostic comorbidity, and state and trait symptoms. RESULTS: There were 61 patients with a lifetime history of suicide attempts (72.6%), with an average of 3.39 (SD = 2.87) attempts per patient. Attempters were significantly older than nonattempters, with more impulse actions, antisocial personality disorder comorbidity, and state depression. State depression was significantly less severe in patients who had attempted suicide in the present episode (or past year) than in patients who had attempted suicide only in the past. A comorbid diagnosis of major depression, alcoholism, or drug use disorder did not distinguish attempters from nonattempters. Suicide attempt in the present episode was best predicted by the number of prior lifetime attempts. A highly serious intent to commit suicide was predicted by the number of lifetime attempts and subjective depression, while a low intent was predicted by a mixed subtype of borderline personality disorder plus schizotypal personality disorder and paranoid ideation. A high degree of medical lethality was predicted by number of lifetime attempts, older age, and hysteroid dysphoria, while low lethality attempts were associated with high degrees of anger. CONCLUSIONS: Risk factors for suicidal behavior in patients with borderline personality disorder include older age, prior suicide attempts, antisocial personality, impulsive actions, and depressive moods but not comorbid affective disorder, alcoholism, or drug use disorders.

Abstract Teaser
Figures in this Article

Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In to Access Full Content
 
Username
Password
Sign in via Athens (What is this?)
Athens is a service for single sign-on which enables access to all of an institution's subscriptions on- or off-site.
Not a subscriber?

Subscribe Now/Learn More

PsychiatryOnline subscription options offer access to the DSM-5 library, books, journals, CME, and patient resources. This all-in-one virtual library provides psychiatrists and mental health professionals with key resources for diagnosis, treatment, research, and professional development.

Need more help? PsychiatryOnline Customer Service may be reached by emailing PsychiatryOnline@psych.org or by calling 800-368-5777 (in the U.S.) or 703-907-7322 (outside the U.S.).

+

References

+
+

CME Activity

There is currently no quiz available for this resource. Please click here to go to the CME page to find another.
Submit a Comments
Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discertion of APA editorial staff.

* = Required Field
(if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
Example: John Doe



Web of Science® Times Cited: 122

Related Content
Articles
Books
Gabbard's Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders, 4th Edition > Chapter 53.  >
Manual of Clinical Psychopharmacology, 7th Edition > Chapter 2.  >
Topic Collections
Psychiatric News
APA Guidelines
PubMed Articles