Get Alert
Please Wait... Processing your request... Please Wait.
You must sign in to sign-up for alerts.

Please confirm that your email address is correct, so you can successfully receive this alert.

Severity of psychiatric symptoms after HIV testing
Am J Psychiatry 1993;150:775-779.
text A A A
PDF of the full text article.

OBJECTIVE: The authors were interested in the psychiatric effects of serological testing for HIV and what information feasibly available at intake might predict more severe psychiatric symptoms 1 year later. METHOD: HIV testing in a private office setting was offered to adults at perceived risk for HIV infection but without AIDS. At entry, then 6 and 12 months later, subjects were counseled by psychiatric nurses and assessed by the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, Beck Depression Inventory, Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Brief Symptom Inventory. RESULTS: Mean scores on all measures of psychiatric symptoms were lower at follow-up among both 106 HIV-positive and 222 HIV- negative adults. One year after HIV testing, 121 (37%) of the 328 subjects had scores associated with psychopathology. These elevated scores were not predicted by serostatus but by initial psychopathological scores (N = 150), annual income less than +15,000 (N = 114), being female (N = 46), and history of injection drug use (N = 32) and heterosexual risk factors (N = 60) as compared to males having sex with males (N = 236). CONCLUSIONS: Before the development of more severe physical symptoms, on average, knowledge of HIV infection does not increase psychiatric morbidity; however, regardless of serostatus, a notable percentage of at-risk adults have sustained high levels of psychiatric symptoms. Counseling during the HIV testing process provides an opportunity to identify these individuals for closer study and indicated psychiatric treatment.

Abstract Teaser
Figures in this Article

Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In to Access Full Content
Sign in via Athens (What is this?)
Athens is a service for single sign-on which enables access to all of an institution's subscriptions on- or off-site.
Not a subscriber?

Subscribe Now/Learn More

PsychiatryOnline subscription options offer access to the DSM-5 library, books, journals, CME, and patient resources. This all-in-one virtual library provides psychiatrists and mental health professionals with key resources for diagnosis, treatment, research, and professional development.

Need more help? PsychiatryOnline Customer Service may be reached by emailing PsychiatryOnline@psych.org or by calling 800-368-5777 (in the U.S.) or 703-907-7322 (outside the U.S.).




CME Activity

There is currently no quiz available for this resource. Please click here to go to the CME page to find another.
Submit a Comments
Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discertion of APA editorial staff.

* = Required Field
(if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
Example: John Doe

Web of Science® Times Cited: 54

Related Content
APA Practice Guidelines > Chapter 0.  >
Dulcan's Textbook of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry > Chapter 32.  >
APA Practice Guidelines > Chapter 0.  >
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition > Chapter 0.  >
DSM-5™ Clinical Cases > Chapter 7.  >
Topic Collections
Psychiatric News
PubMed Articles