0
Get Alert
Please Wait... Processing your request... Please Wait.
You must sign in to sign-up for alerts.

Please confirm that your email address is correct, so you can successfully receive this alert.

REGULAR ARTICLES   |    
Pattern of recurrence of illness after recovery from an episode of major depression: a prospective study
Am J Psychiatry 1992;149:795-800.
text A A A
PDF of the full text article.
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study assessed prospectively the pattern of recurrence of illness after recovery from an episode of major depression. METHOD: Seventy-two patients who had recovered from an episode of primary, nonbipolar, nonpsychotic major depression were evaluated bimonthly with the Comprehensive Psychopathological Rating Scale for a period ranging from 20 to 108 months (median = 66 months). New ("prospective") episodes were ascertained with a structured diagnostic interview. The probabilities of remaining well after the index episode and after the first prospective episode were assessed by the life-table method. The severity and duration of prospective episodes and the index episode were compared by linear regression analysis. RESULTS: The probability of remaining well after recovery from the index episode was 76% at 6 months, 63% at 1 year, and 25% at 5 years. The risk of recurrence was lower among patients receiving prophylactic treatment with antidepressants and/or lithium and among those with histories of fewer than three previous episodes. The probability of remaining well was significantly lower 2 years after the first prospective episode than 2 years after the index episode. A pattern of increasing severity from the index episode to the first, second, and third prospective episodes was observed and was not affected by treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Major depression has a high rate of recurrence, even when bipolar and psychotic cases are excluded. The highest rate is observed during the first months after recovery from an episode. Prophylactic drug treatment reduces the risk of recurrence but apparently does not affect the trend toward increasing severity of subsequent episodes.

Abstract Teaser
Figures in this Article

Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In to Access Full Content
 
Username
Password
Sign in via Athens (What is this?)
Athens is a service for single sign-on which enables access to all of an institution's subscriptions on- or off-site.
Not a subscriber?

Subscribe Now/Learn More

PsychiatryOnline subscription options offer access to the DSM-5 library, books, journals, CME, and patient resources. This all-in-one virtual library provides psychiatrists and mental health professionals with key resources for diagnosis, treatment, research, and professional development.

Need more help? PsychiatryOnline Customer Service may be reached by emailing PsychiatryOnline@psych.org or by calling 800-368-5777 (in the U.S.) or 703-907-7322 (outside the U.S.).

+

References

+
+

CME Activity

There is currently no quiz available for this resource. Please click here to go to the CME page to find another.
Submit a Comments
Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discertion of APA editorial staff.

* = Required Field
(if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
Example: John Doe



Web of Science® Times Cited: 158

Related Content
Articles
Books
Manual of Clinical Psychopharmacology, 7th Edition > Chapter 2.  >
Manual of Clinical Psychopharmacology, 7th Edition > Chapter 2.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychiatry, 5th Edition > Chapter 26.  >
Gabbard's Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders, 4th Edition > Chapter 1.  >
Gabbard's Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders, 4th Edition > Chapter 24.  >
Topic Collections
Psychiatric News
Read more at Psychiatric News >>
APA Guidelines
PubMed Articles