0
Get Alert
Please Wait... Processing your request... Please Wait.
You must sign in to sign-up for alerts.

Please confirm that your email address is correct, so you can successfully receive this alert.

Special Articles   |    
Are schizophrenia and affective disorder related? A selective literature review
Am J Psychiatry 1992;149:22-32.
text A A A
PDF of the full text article.
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Although most modern investigators accept the Kraepelinian view that schizophrenia and affective disorder are biologically distinct, others have suggested the psychoses are on a continuum of liability. This article is a selective review of evidence for the continuum model. METHOD: The author focuses on family, twin, and adoption data that do not support the Kraepelinian view of psychosis. Evidence characterized to a lesser extent includes the frequency of intermediate forms of illness (i.e., schizoaffective disorder), the inability to separate psychoses by classical symptoms into well-defined clusters, and the inability of laboratory measures to clearly define psychotic subgroups. RESULTS: The data demonstrate that schizophrenia and affective disorder do co-occur in some families. Whether this co- occurrence reflects true overlap is unclear, and significant pathophysiological heterogeneity may underlie clinical continuity. In some recent studies the inclusion of nonmelancholic depressions in the affective illness category may have masked overlap. CONCLUSIONS: The author suggests that the Kraepelinian view of psychoses may need modification. Future research should focus on factors that may reveal overlap between schizophrenia and affective disorder: severity of schizophrenia and affective disorder in probands, severity of depression in relatives, the effect of the unipolar-bipolar disorder relationship on the co-occurrence of affective disorder and schizophrenia, and the relationship of nongenetic factors that might alter the clinical expression of a shared genotype. Also, investigators should not presume a dichotomy or continuum but should examine pure and mixed pedigrees and look for state- and trait-related endophenotypes, the convergence of which would provide the basis for focused molecular genetic study.

Abstract Teaser
Figures in this Article

Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In to Access Full Content
 
Username
Password
Sign in via Athens (What is this?)
Athens is a service for single sign-on which enables access to all of an institution's subscriptions on- or off-site.
Not a subscriber?

Subscribe Now/Learn More

PsychiatryOnline subscription options offer access to the DSM-5 library, books, journals, CME, and patient resources. This all-in-one virtual library provides psychiatrists and mental health professionals with key resources for diagnosis, treatment, research, and professional development.

Need more help? PsychiatryOnline Customer Service may be reached by emailing PsychiatryOnline@psych.org or by calling 800-368-5777 (in the U.S.) or 703-907-7322 (outside the U.S.).

+

References

+
+

CME Activity

There is currently no quiz available for this resource. Please click here to go to the CME page to find another.
Submit a Comments
Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discertion of APA editorial staff.

* = Required Field
(if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
Example: John Doe



Web of Science® Times Cited: 165

Related Content
Articles
Books
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Geriatric Psychiatry, 4th Edition > Chapter 6.  >
Manual of Clinical Psychopharmacology, 7th Edition > Chapter 1.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Substance Abuse Treatment, 4th Edition > Chapter 38.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Substance Abuse Treatment, 4th Edition > Chapter 38.  >
Dulcan's Textbook of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry > Chapter 52.  >
Topic Collections
Psychiatric News
APA Guidelines
PubMed Articles