Prior studies have documented the effectiveness of several types of
memory training for the elderly with normal age-related memory losses.
Despite these positive results, there is substantial variability of
individual response to treatment. The authors describe attributes of
individuals most likely to benefit from two types of memory training. They
found that for 40 elderly volunteers performance on the WAIS vocabulary
subscale correlated with response to a treatment combining mnemonics and
verbal elaboration techniques and scores on the Spielberger State-Trait
Anxiety Inventory correlated with response to a treatment combining
mnemonics and relaxation techniques.