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Absence of carbamazepine-induced hyponatremia among patients also given lithium
Am J Psychiatry 1987;144:943-947.
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Abstract

Of 33 chronically psychotic patients in a state hospital, 17 received carbamazepine, 13 received carbamazepine and lithium, and three received carbamazepine and then the combination. There was a significant difference in serum sodium level between the patients receiving carbamazepine alone (mean +/- SD = 138.4 +/- 4.3 meq/liter) and those also receiving lithium (141.8 +/- 1.6 meq/liter). (A similar difference was seen for the patients who received the two treatments serially.) Age, sex, diagnosis, age at diagnosis, seizure disorder, antipsychotic drugs, and serum carbamazepine level did not explain this difference. The protection against hyponatremia provided by the carbamazepine-lithium combination occurred despite lithium's tendency to increase polyuria.

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