DSM-III multiaxial diagnoses were given to 257 patients. Analysis of
axis I diagnoses and axis IV and axis V assessments generally revealed the
expected associations between particular psychiatric disorders and levels
of psychosocial stress and social and occupational functioning. However, a
major difficulty affecting the usefulness of axis IV and axis V data when
they are routinely gathered according to the current DSM-III instructions
is the stipulation that the clinician judge the etiological significance of
a stressor before it is coded.