An earlier follow-up of inpatients with panic disorder attributed excess
mortality among men to death from unnatural causes and from cardiovascular
disease. The present study sought to determine the stability of this
finding with a 12-year follow-up of 155 outpatients with anxiety neurosis.
As in the first study, men were twice as likely to die as expected, and
this excess in deaths was attributable to cardiovascular disease and
suicide. Given the small numbers in both studies, however, the link between
panic disorder and excess cardiovascular mortality remains tentative.