The author investigated factors associated with continued involvement 3
years after divorce of fathers who did not have custody of their children.
Feeling competent in the role of father, degree of involvement in child
rearing 1 year after divorce, and the ease with which they were able to see
their children were associated with fathers' greater participation 3 years
after divorce. There was no relationship between how often a divorced
father saw his children and how involved he felt in child rearing. All
fathers were struggling with a sense of confusion and difficulty about
their status as parents.