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Changing epidemiology of tardive dyskinesia: an overview
Am J Psychiatry 1981;138:297-309.
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Abstract

Dyskinesia is found significantly more often among neuroleptic-treated psychiatric patients than among non-neuroleptic-treated patients. The epidemiology of tardive dyskinesia is changing; its reported prevalence among neuroleptic-treated psychiatric inpatients has been progressively rising and has reached 25% during the past five years. The prevalence of persistent tardive dyskinesia that may be attributable to neuroleptics is about 13%. Tardive dyskinesia is not restricted to old, brain-damaged inpatients but also occurs with a noticeable frequency among younger patients, including outpatients, treated neuroleptics. Yet neuroleptics are the most effective available treatment for schizophrenia; hence, any drastic curtailment of their use in the treatment of chronic schizophrenic patients may not be justified. Cautious use of these drugs, along with intensified research on tardive dyskinesia is warranted.

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