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Obsessive-compulsive disorders: a review of the literature
Am J Psychiatry 1981;138:286-296.
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Abstract

The authors reviewed the studies on obsessive-compulsive disorders published from 1953 to 1978. They report on various theories of the etiology of the disorders and provide an overview of the studies based on these theories. The treatment modalities covered include behavioral modification, drug therapy psychotherapy, surgery, and experimental therapies. the authors conclude that, although the obsessive-compulsive disorders are widely present, there is a paucity of new data concerning their treatment. The evidence to date, however, suggests that psychotherapy is an essential ingredient in the treatment process. They recommended that further clinical studies be done to elucidate the etiology and treatment of these disorders.

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