The authors examined the records of 127 female and 1,068 male offenders
referred by the courts to a forensic service over a 22-year-period. Female
offenders were less likely than male offenders to be referred for
psychiatric evaluations when they were charged with criminal behavior. They
were more likely to be charged with homicide, arson, forgery, or fraud and
more frequently received diagnoses of affective disorder and neurosis.