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Clinical criteria for psychiatric diagnosis and DSM-III
Am J Psychiatry 1975;132:1187-1192.
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Abstract

The authors identify the differences in formal inclusion and exclusion criteria used to classify patient data into diagnoses as the largest source of diagnostic unreliability in psychiatry. They describe the efforts that have been made to reduce these differences, particularly the specified criteria approach to defining diagnostic categories, which was developed for research purposes. On the basis of studies showing that the use of specified criteria increases the reliability of diagnostic judgments, they suggest that including such criteria in the next edition of APA's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III) would improve the reliability and validity of routine psychiatric diagnosis.

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