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Clinical and Theoretical Consequences of the Misuse of Basic Behavior Therapy Concepts
DAVID L. BRAFF
Am J Psychiatry 1973;130:818-819.
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Postdoctoral Fellow and Resident at the Langley Porter Neuropsychiatric Institute, 401 Parnassus Ave., San Francisco, Calif. 94122, and at the Department of Psychiatry, University of California School of Medicine, San Francisco

1973, The American Psychiatric Association

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Abstract

The basic behavioral terms "aversive stimulation" and "negative reinforcement" are defined and the frequent misuse of these terms in the current literature is illustrated. The author notes the theoretical and clinical consequences of this misapplication, emphasizing the point that unclear thinking about these terms may lead to an unnecessary restriction of the techniques available to the clinician.

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