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The Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test: The Quest for a New Diagnostic Instrument
MELVIN L. SELZER
Am J Psychiatry 1971;127:1653-1658.
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Professor of Psychiatry, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Mich. 48104, and Research Psychiatrist, Highway Safety Research Institute, University of Michigan

1971, American Psychiatric Association

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Abstract

The Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST), devised to provide a consistent, quantifiable, structured interview instrument to detect alcoholism, consists of 25 questions that can be rapidly administered. Five groups were given the MAST: hospitalized alcoholics, a control group, persons convicted of drunk driving, persons convicted of drunk and disorderly behavior, and drivers whose licenses were under review. The validity of the MAST was assessed by searching the records of legal, social, and medical agencies and reviewing the subjects' driving and criminal records. The MAST responses of 15 subjects who were found to be alcoholic in the record search were analyzed to determine where the screening failures had occurred. Recommendations are made for reducing the number of such "falsė negatives."

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Web of Science® Times Cited: 1922

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