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A Clinical Syndrome and EEG-Sleep Changes Associated with Amino Acid Deprivation
BOYD K. LESTER; RAUL E. CHANES; PAUL T. CONDIT
Am J Psychiatry 1969;126:185-190.
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Associate professor, department of psychiatry and behavioral sciences, University of Oklahoma School of Medicine, 800 N. E. Thirteenth St., Oklahoma City, Okla. 73104

Associate, cancer section, Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation, Oklahoma City, Okla

Head, cancer section, Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation, Oklahoma City, Okla, associate professor, research medicine, University of Oklahoma School of Medicine

1970, American Psychiatric Association

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Abstract

Sleep studies and psychiatric examinations were made on three patients with inoperable malignancies whose illnesses were being managed with an experimental low phenylalanine-tyrosine diet. There was a systematic reduction of REM sleep, supporting the findings of Jouvet suggesting that norepinephrine (a metabolic product of phenylalanine and tyrosine) has a role in the maintenance of REM sleep. The patients developed a reversible clinical syndrome manifested by indifference to their environment, lethargy, and impairment of long-term memory.

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