0
Get Alert
Please Wait... Processing your request... Please Wait.
You must sign in to sign-up for alerts.

Please confirm that your email address is correct, so you can successfully receive this alert.

Article   |    
THE AETIOLOGY AND TREATMENT OF CHILDREN'S PHOBIAS: A REVIEW
S. RACHMAN; C. G. COSTELLO
Am J Psychiatry 1961;118:97-105.
View Author and Article Information

Institute of Psychiatry, Maudsley Hospital, University of London, Eng.

text A A A
PDF of the full text article.
Abstract

Mention has been made of Mary Cover Jones's(20, 21) classic studies in which she describes her attempt to develop techniques for eliminating children's fears. The signfficance of this early work is only now becoming recognized. She gives an account of several methods of treatment. Four of these appear to be promising, practical and in accord with present-day learning theory. They are the methods of:1. Direct conditioning.2. Social imitation.3. Systematic distraction and4. Feeding responses.The fruitfulness of the behavior theory approach to phobias is well demonstrated if we add to Jones' list the additional new methods which have been, or could be used in overcoming children's phobias.5. Systematic desensitization (Wolpe)6. Assertive responses (Wolpe)7. Relaxation responses (Wolpe)8. "Pleasant" responses in the life situation–with drug enhancement (Wolpe)In a suggestive article by Jersild and Holmes(17) further possible methods for treatment of children's fears are discussed. From their survey of parent's experiences in dealing with children's fears, Jersild and Holmes suggest these techniques (among others) : Prompting the child to acquire skills which will enable him to cope with the feared situation; progressive contact with, and participation in, the feared situation; verbal explanation and reassurance; practical demonstration of fearlessness.Some of these techniques are already employed by prevailing therapies without receiving explicit acknowledgement.All these methods certainly provide therapists with a formidable armamentarium to begin with. What is now required is careful, thorough investigation of these methods and above all a major project to establish the degree and permanence of improvements which may be obtained by these techniques.In the meantime, active therapists may consider conducting their own investigations of these methods when faced with children suffering from phobic conditions. Obviously the choice of the method will depend to a considerable extent on the nature of the phobia. It is worth remembering also that these methods are not mutually exclusive and it is probable that in many cases a combination of these techniques may offer the most promising approach.

Abstract Teaser
Figures in this Article

Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In to Access Full Content
 
Username
Password
Sign in via Athens (What is this?)
Athens is a service for single sign-on which enables access to all of an institution's subscriptions on- or off-site.
Not a subscriber?

Subscribe Now/Learn More

PsychiatryOnline subscription options offer access to the DSM-5 library, books, journals, CME, and patient resources. This all-in-one virtual library provides psychiatrists and mental health professionals with key resources for diagnosis, treatment, research, and professional development.

Need more help? PsychiatryOnline Customer Service may be reached by emailing PsychiatryOnline@psych.org or by calling 800-368-5777 (in the U.S.) or 703-907-7322 (outside the U.S.).

+

References

+
+

CME Activity

There is currently no quiz available for this resource. Please click here to go to the CME page to find another.
Submit a Comments
Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discertion of APA editorial staff.

* = Required Field
(if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
Example: John Doe



Web of Science® Times Cited: 27

Related Content
Books
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychiatry, 5th Edition > Chapter 12.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychiatry, 5th Edition > Chapter 12.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychiatry, 5th Edition > Chapter 12.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychiatry, 5th Edition > Chapter 12.  >
Topic Collections
Psychiatric News
PubMed Articles
[Treatment of selective mutism]. Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother 2007;35(6):399-407; quiz 408-9.