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TREATMENT OF HOMOSEXUALITY BY INDIVIDUAL AND GROUP PSYCHOTHERAPY
SAMUEL B. HADDEN
Am J Psychiatry 1958;114:810-815.
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Assoc. Prof. of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania; Chief of Neuropsychiatric Service, The Presbyterian Hospital, Philadelphia, Pa.

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Abstract

From my experience I have concluded that homosexuals can be treated more effectively by group psychotherapy when they are started in groups made up exclusively of homosexuals. In such groups the rationalization that homosexuality is a pattern of life they wish to follow is destroyed by their fellow homosexuals. This breaking down of their rationalization activates anxiety and a desire to change is created. Obvious ego-strength is gained by identification with others who are also seeking socially acceptable goals. Identification with a group that has a healthy motivation soon banishes the feelings of isolation from which they suffer. When members reach the point where their homosexual drives have diminished or disappeared and they must completely reject all homosexual identifications and identify with heterosexuality they are aided in final commitment by fellow members. The group convinces its members that their homosexuality is not an affliction or trick of fate but a pattern of inadequate behaviour which can be changed.

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