0
Get Alert
Please Wait... Processing your request... Please Wait.
You must sign in to sign-up for alerts.

Please confirm that your email address is correct, so you can successfully receive this alert.

Article   |    
A STUDY OF THE ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAM AS RELATED TO PERSONALITY STRUCTURE IN A GROUP OF INMATES OF A STATE PENITENTIARY
SOL LEVY; MARGARET KENNARD
Am J Psychiatry 1953;109:832-839.
View Author and Article Information

Eastern State Hospital and Dept. of Psychiatry, Medical School, University of Washington.

Crease Clinic Research Unit, University of British Columbia.

text A A A
PDF of the full text article.
Abstract

The data presented above are offered as indications of trends and possibilities in relating EEG types and personality traits. Since the total series comprises records from only 100 cases, it must be confirmed, if possible, by larger (and more well-defined) investigations.An increase of abnormal EEGs in the prison populations (30%) as compared to that of the normal population has been confirmed.In the present series EEG abnormalities were found to be equally distributed between crimes of violence and nonviolence. It is possible, however, that more detailed study and observation would have produced some relationship between paroxysmal behavior and paroxysmal EEG record.An expected positive correlation was found between abnormal EEGs and age at time of EEG test, age at time of first offense, and presence of possible organic brain injury.Of greater interest is the finding here, as well as in previous investigations, that relatively good personality structure relates to normal EEG. The more stable individuals among the prisoners, those convicted of single crimes, had only 17% abnormal EEG records, and 11% showed Pd profiles on the MMPI, while those who were repeated offenders had 34% abnormal EEGs and 39% had typical Pd profiles.Fifty percent of the records having high alpha indices occurred in individuals with a high psychopathic deviate score as shown on the MMPI.If these data are confirmed by further investigation it may eventually be possible, with the assistance of such tests as above, to separate 2 types of transgressors of the law who have reached imprisonment for totally different, almost opposite, reasons and should from every point of view have different treatment. The first of these groups consists of the prisoners who according to the present tests have characteristic MMPI profiles (high Pd peak) and a high incidence of normal EEG records containing much pure alpha activity. Such individuals could be classified psychiatrically as "psychopaths" and because of their fixed personality pattern would require permanent maximal custodial care.The second group contains mainly those with normal or neurotic profile on the MMPI, and these are found to have a higher incidence of abnormal EEGs. The unstable 4-6/sec. wave-forms and dysrhythmia in their records may indicate an underlying relative instability of personality usually associated with any one of several dynamic categories other than the fixed personality pattern. These subjects, on the other hand, deserve careful therapy, both somatic and psychological, directed at their specific underlying psychopathology.

Abstract Teaser
Figures in this Article

Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In to Access Full Content
 
Username
Password
Sign in via Athens (What is this?)
Athens is a service for single sign-on which enables access to all of an institution's subscriptions on- or off-site.
Not a subscriber?

Subscribe Now/Learn More

PsychiatryOnline subscription options offer access to the DSM-5 library, books, journals, CME, and patient resources. This all-in-one virtual library provides psychiatrists and mental health professionals with key resources for diagnosis, treatment, research, and professional development.

Need more help? PsychiatryOnline Customer Service may be reached by emailing PsychiatryOnline@psych.org or by calling 800-368-5777 (in the U.S.) or 703-907-7322 (outside the U.S.).

+

References

+
+

CME Activity

There is currently no quiz available for this resource. Please click here to go to the CME page to find another.
Submit a Comments
Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discertion of APA editorial staff.

* = Required Field
(if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
Example: John Doe



Web of Science® Times Cited: 17

Related Content
Articles
Books
DSM-5™ Handbook of Differential Diagnosis > Chapter 2.  >
Textbook of Traumatic Brain Injury, 2nd Edition > Chapter 28.  >
DSM-5™ Clinical Cases > Chapter 17.  >
Textbook of Traumatic Brain Injury, 2nd Edition > Chapter 28.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Geriatric Psychiatry, 4th Edition > Chapter 24.  >
Topic Collections
Psychiatric News