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GAS NEUROSIS SYNDROME
HAROLD S. HULBERT
Am J Psychiatry 1920;77:213-216.
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U. S. N. Reserve, Psychiatrist U. S. S. Leviathan

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Abstract

1. Gas neurosis syndrome is similar to the non-concussion type of so-called "shell shock" or war neurosis, and is found in those who have been exposed to gas warfare.2. The symptoms of this functional neurosis are various degrees of physical movements related to altered or increased respiration, anxiety, altered consciousness and involuntary motor movements. If the disorder is clearly recognized and correctly diagnosed, early and suitable treatment will cause recovery.3. Its severity is not in proportion to the organic damage from being gassed, but is in proportion to the make-up and military maladjustment of the individuals affected.4. Pathological emphasis on gas warfare in the training of soldiers and in popular education of civil communities, as well as inadequate military mental hygiene of those participating in warfare, exaggerates the idea of risk, makes the soldiers discontented, and predisposes them to incapacitating neuroses.

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