0
Get Alert
Please Wait... Processing your request... Please Wait.
You must sign in to sign-up for alerts.

Please confirm that your email address is correct, so you can successfully receive this alert.

Article   |    
A COMPARISON OF PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS IN DEMENTIA PRÆCOX AND MANIC-DEPRESSIVE PSYCHOSIS
EARL D. BOND; E. STANLEY ABBOT
Am J Psychiatry 1912;68:359-370.
View Author and Article Information

McLean Hospital, Waverley, Mass.

text A A A
PDF of the full text article.
Abstract

From the foregoing data we have drawn the following conclusions, realizing that the number of cases dealt with is too small, and the data in many of the cases too meagre, to more than suggest them as tentative or probable.1. Normal traits predominate in manic-depressive psychoses (164 to 120).2. Abnormal traits are found in about an equal proportion in dementia præcox and manic-depressive psychosis (98 to 104).3. Certain abnormal traits—reticence, peculiarity, precosity—are found in much larger proportions in dementia præcox than in manic-depressive psychosis (27 to 4).4. Normal personalities are found fairly frequently in both diseases, but more frequently in manic-depressive psychosis (33 to 26).5. Abnormal personalities are much more frequent in dementia præcox than in manic-depressive psychosis (16 to 7).6. The "shut-in personality" or the tendency to it is found almost exclusively in dementia præcox (10 to 2).7. If all doubtful and abnormal personalities (i. e., the normal—mixed + all abnormal as in Table II) are conceded to predispose to dementia præcox, on the one hand not more than half (24 cases, 48 per cent) of the dementia præcox cases are so predisposed; and on the other, a third (17 cases, 34 per cent) of the manic-depressive cases have the same predisposition.8. The special "shut-in personality" is found in too small proportion (20 per cent) to substaniate fully the claims made by some writers for its prevalence as an etiological factor in dementia præcox.The study suggests three main lines of future work:1. The gathering of fuller data as to make-up and characteristics, from several sources in each case whenever possible.2. The making of similar comparisons of make-up in all the psychoses, but especially in the high-grade defectives and epileptics.3. The study of characteristics and personalities as possible determinants of reaction-types or of symptoms, or as modifying the clinical picture, rather than as causes of the onset of the psychosis.

Abstract Teaser
Figures in this Article

Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In to Access Full Content
 
Username
Password
Sign in via Athens (What is this?)
Athens is a service for single sign-on which enables access to all of an institution's subscriptions on- or off-site.
Not a subscriber?

Subscribe Now/Learn More

PsychiatryOnline subscription options offer access to the DSM-5 library, books, journals, CME, and patient resources. This all-in-one virtual library provides psychiatrists and mental health professionals with key resources for diagnosis, treatment, research, and professional development.

Need more help? PsychiatryOnline Customer Service may be reached by emailing PsychiatryOnline@psych.org or by calling 800-368-5777 (in the U.S.) or 703-907-7322 (outside the U.S.).

+

References

+
+

CME Activity

There is currently no quiz available for this resource. Please click here to go to the CME page to find another.
Submit a Comments
Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discertion of APA editorial staff.

* = Required Field
(if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
Example: John Doe



Web of Science® Times Cited: 5

Related Content
Articles
Books
Manual of Clinical Psychopharmacology, 7th Edition > Chapter 1.  >
Textbook of Psychotherapeutic Treatments > Chapter 6.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Substance Abuse Treatment, 4th Edition > Chapter 38.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Substance Abuse Treatment, 4th Edition > Chapter 38.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Substance Abuse Treatment, 4th Edition > Chapter 38.  >
Topic Collections
Psychiatric News
APA Guidelines
PubMed Articles