Our mission, while providing urgent psychiatric care, was aimed primarily at training Haitian clinic family doctors and nurses to do independent sus-tainable psychiatric assessment and treatment. We emphasized water, food, shelter, community, and security as essential to recovering mental health. Our psychosocial clinics stressed emergency psychiatric intervention techniques designed to help people deal with mass trauma, dislocation, loss, grief, anxiety, and depression, as well as seizures and acute and chronic psychotic illness. We also taught basic psychiatric pharmacology. Like military psy-chiatry, we focused on interrupting stress, anxiety, and phobic and depression-based symptoms that could interfere with normal grieving and self-righting after mass trauma. This effort was linked with strengthening of family, friends, and community.